Endometriosis - symptom, Treatment of Endometriosis
Endometriosis is the abnormal growth of cells that form in the lining of the uterus. It
is one of the most common causes of pelvic pain and infertility in women.
In Endometriosis, a specialized type of tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus (the endometrium) becomes implanted outside your uterus, most commonly on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining your pelvis.
The most common site of endometriosis is believed to be the deep pelvic peritoneal cavity, or the cul-de-sac.
Symptoms of period pain - Information on Symptoms of Endometriosis.
- pain in the uterus, lower back, and organs in the pelvic cavity prior to and during the menses;
- intermittent pain throughout the menstrual cycle;
- painful intercourse;
- excessive bleeding, including the passing of large clots and shreds of tissue during the menses;
- vomiting, and
- constipation during the menses;
- dyschezia (difficulty in passing stools due to weak pelvic muscles and anal sphincter); dysuria (pain while urinating);
- sometimes, infertility.
Causes of Endometriosis
The cause of period pain is not certain. Once an egg has been released from one of the ovaries, natural chemicals produced by the body called prostaglandins are made in the lining of the uterus (womb). Some prostaglandins cause the walls of the uterus to contract. Some women produce higher levels of prostaglandins, which may cause increased contractions of the uterus. These cramps may be more painful because there is reduced blood (and therefore oxygen) supply to the myometrium (muscle wall of the uterus) during the contractions.
Treatment of Endometriosis
Chosing a treatment therefore comes down to the individual woman's needs, depending on her symptoms, her age, and her fertility wishes. She should discuss these with her physician so that they, together, can determine, which long term, holistic, treatment plan is best for her individual needs. For many women, this can be a combination of more than one treatment over longer periods of time. Commom treatment options include -
- pain killers
- home remedies
- Nutritional therapy
- Complementary therapies